Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a long and rich recorded history of over 2000 years. This is made up of centuries of discovery, experimentation, trial & error and clinical data contributing to a successful and varied form of medicine today. TCM is founded on basic principles that governed life in most ancient cultures where people tried to live in harmony with nature. As a result, all aspects of human existence (anatomy, functions, emotions, behaviour) are a reflection of the following natural concepts.
The human body is an organic whole and one with its environment (society-nature-universe). Within this, everything is connected, is affected by and impacts on the whole.
The theory of Yin & Yang describes two energetic forces within the balanced whole. These exist as relative opposites supporting each other through mutual inter-dependence.
This whole is also made up of or goes though 5 Elements, relatives phases which support each other and keep a balance within the whole through their inter-relationships.
Qi is the vibrational life force which animates every possible form in the universe (living, material, insubstantial etc.). TCM theory is based on the activity of Qi in the body. The body's Qi is categorized into different forms depending on its location and functions at that point in time.
As a result of the above theories, the way the human body is perceived, diagnosed and treated, also the cause of disease are very different from the accepted reality of mainstream medicine and science on the whole. For example; the patient is treated rather than the disease. Therefore 2 persons with the same disease, e.g. diabetes, may receive different treatment approach, as the imbalances in one's individual body (Syndromes in TCM) are what are focused on. Likewise, 2 persons with different diseases, e.g. Hypertension and Dysmenorrhea, might get the same treatment as they can due to the same syndrome. In addtion one disease can receive different treatment principles throughout its course as it changes the dominant syndrome.